Don Olander and Light Water Reactor Materials: A Personal Memoir and Tribute

Arthur Motta
SPEAKER:
Arthur Motta
DATE/TIME:
FRI, 12/03/2021 - 4:00PM TO 5:30PM
LOCATION:
Bancroft Hotel
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

This talk is an homage to Don Olander, as a special tribute to the enormous influence he has had on a whole generation of nuclear materials scientists, and a remembrance of my time at UC Berkeley, working under his supervision. The talk focuses also on the co-writing of the textbook “Light Water Reactor Materials” recently published by the ANS.

About the Speaker:

Arthur Motta is Professor of Nuclear Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State University. He holds Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Prof. Motta works in the area of radiation damage and environmental degradation to materials with specific emphasis in zirconium alloys. Prof. Motta is a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) and received the Mishima Award from the ANS for outstanding contributions in research and development work on nuclear fuel and materials, as well as the ASTM William J. Kroll Medal for sustained impactful contributions to zirconium metallurgy. With his thesis advisor Don Olander he co-wrote the textbook “Light Water Reactor Materials” published by ANS in two volumes.

Superconducting Magnets and the Path to Fusion Energy

MIT_Brandon-Sorbom_1000x667
SPEAKER:
Brandon Sorbom
Chief Science Officer
Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS)
DATE/TIME:
Fri, 10/5/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
ZOOM
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

MIT and Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS), a new startup company focused on the rapid commercialization of fusion, are jointly pursuing a privately-funded, accelerated approach to demonstrate the feasibility of fusion energy. The CFS/MIT team is currently developing a new generation of high-field, large-bore, REBCO-based superconducting magnets to incorporate into a compact net-energy tokamak called SPARC that will demonstrate net fusion energy gain. The key performance metrics in a tokamak scale as the strength of the toroidal magnetic field to the third or fourth power times the volume of the device. One of the most important consequences of these scalings is that increasing the magnetic field in a tokamak enables a much smaller device to demonstrate net-energy production, leading to dramatic reductions in cost, timeline, and organizational complexity required to construct and operate the fusion device. Over the past three years, the SPARC team has performed much of the groundwork to enable the demonstration of the fundamental superconducting magnet technology and prepare the design of SPARC. A site in MA has been selected and prepared, SPARC will begin construction in late 2021 and will be commissioned in 2025. A fusion pilot plant called ARC will follow, with the aim of putting fusion power on the grid in the early 2030’s.

About the Speaker:

Brandon’s expertise is in fusion energy, compact power plant design and high temperature superconductors. During his doctoral work at MIT’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Brandon was the leader of the ARC Reactor design study, a conceptual design for a small, modular fusion pilot plant that formed the basis for a comprehensive high-field pathway to commercial fusion energy. As CSO of CFS, Brandon leads the work in evaluating high temperature superconductor performance and prospects for scale-up, as well as leading the power plant design scoping efforts.

The Evolving Nuclear Fuel Cycle – Challenges and Opportunities

Dr.Regalbuto
SPEAKER:
Dr. Monica Regalbuto
Idaho National Laboratory, Director, Integrated Fuel Cycle Strategy
DATE/TIME:
FRI, 10/29/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
3105 ETCHEVERRY HALL
Fall 2021Colloquium Series
Abstract:

The United States is pursuing an aggressive plan to combat climate change by reducing carbon emissions in which nuclear power is set to play a vital role. Accelerated development of advanced reactor designs introduce evolving nuclear fuel cycles that deviates from the commercially established light water reactor. As new fuel cycles and technologies emerge, both opportunities and challenges are presented. This presentation will cover the importance of addressing fuel cycles front-end and back-end emerging concepts to ensure the successful deployment of advance reactors.

About the Speaker:

Dr. Regalbuto is a leader in the development of nuclear fuel cycle technologies, combining her knowledge in separations, computer simulations, and proliferation risk reduction. She has over 30 years of experience in radio-isotope processing, recovery and immobilization for environmental remediation, resource conservation and medical applications. She currently leads the integrated fuel cycle strategic initiative at the Idaho National Laboratory. Dr. Regalbuto serves today as a member of (1) the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board at the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and (2) the Standing Advisory Group on Nuclear Energy (SAGNE) at the IAEA which advises the Director General. Dr. Regalbuto has served in multiple national leadership roles. In 2015, she was appointed by President Obama and confirmed by the Senate as Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In this capacity, she was responsible for managing the environmental cleanup resulting from weapons production as well as special nuclear materials. As the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fuel Cycle Technologies with DOE’s Office of Nuclear Energy, Dr. Regalbuto managed the nation’s research and development fuel cycle portfolio. At Argonne National Laboratory, Dr. Regalbuto served as the head of the Process Chemistry and Engineering Department in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division. She is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society and has authored multiple journal articles, reports, and presentations and holds six patents.

Coherent control in intense laser matter interactions via polarization manipulation

franklin.dollar
SPEAKER:
Franklin Dollar
Associate Dean of Graduate Studies, School of Physical Sciences; Associate Professor, Department of Physics & Astronomy; University of California, Irvine
DATE/TIME:
FRI, 10/22/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
Zoom
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

High intensity laser matter interactions with short pulse durations are the epitome of extreme science, at ultrafast timescales, extremely high energy densities, and relativistic effects defining the regime. In this talk, I will examine how the laser polarization adds a further parameter for controlling these interactions, and the impact that they can have in radiation production. Experiments from tabletop to facility scale systems will be presented, along with numerical modeling.

About the Speaker:

Professor Dollar is a member of the Dry Creek Band of Pomo Indians, a UC Berkeley College of Engineering alumnus, and currently serves as the Associate Dean of Graduate Studies for the UCI School of Physical Sciences. His research focus is in high energy density laser matter interactions and the applications of such interactions for compact radiation generation.

Decision Making, Communication, and Risk: the Public Opinion Equation

Jean-Pierre Beaudoin
SPEAKER:
Jean-Pierre Beaudoin
DATE/TIME:
FRI, 10/15/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
via Zoom 
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

What is a « good decision »? How is that judgment made? What role does « Public Opinon » play? All these questions refer to notions that vary with time, context and culture of the population concerned.

Who is the Public? Public opinion is a generational phenomenon. It takes on average 25 years for the underlying values of society to evolve and thus change the priorities of society and its expectations towards authorities of all natures.

What is Communication? The social practice of communication changes with the emergence of new devices. Yet, that is not the essence of change. More determining are the value attached by a society to Communication per se and what the term means, from information, to conversation, to debate : an issue for leadership.

What is Risk? The acceptance of risk, the hierarchy of threats and the time-span on which both notions are considered evolve with the generations and the living experience of accidents or catastrophes.

The proposal is to put the three terms in perspective and highlight key elements affecting governance and leadership issues, as the Public expects authorities to live up to the responsibilities which it assigns to them.

About the Speaker:

Strategic counsellor for public communication since the early 1970s, Jean-Pierre Beaudoin served over the years as a consultant to multinational companies as well as to French government offices.

An Associate Professor Emeritus, he teaches at Paris Sorbonne University School for Communication (Celsa), Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi and Moscow State University – Lomonossov.

He initiated the creation of the French trade organization of PR consultancies in 1988, and chaired the International Communications Consultancy Organization from 1991 until 1993.

He is the author of five books, the latest of which, published in 2017, explores the mechanisms of public opinion’s powers.

Born in 1945, Jean-Pierre graduated from Paris Sorbonne University, the Paris Institute of Political Studies – SciencesPo, and is a post-graduate alumnus of the Paris Sorbonne School for Communication (Celsa).

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Pierre_Beaudoin

 

Bright Electron Sources for Ultrafast Science

DanieleFilippetto
SPEAKER:

Daniele Filippetto

Staff scientist

Advanced Technology and Applied Physics Division, LBNL

DATE/TIME:
FRI, 10/08/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
3105 ETCHEVERRY HALL
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

Electron beams are powerful tools for scientific and industrial applications. Owing to their short wavelength, electrons have seen broad use in advanced instrumentation, enabling X-ray generation, real-space imaging at sub-atomic scales, enhanced resolution in nano-fabrication, high precision mechanical machining and cancer treatment to name a few.

Recent advancements in technology have enabled the generation of densely packed, ultrashort pulses of electrons. Trains of femtosecond-long, relativistic beams can now be produced at MHz repetition rates in a compact room-sized setup, opening the doors to a plethora of new applications. Among others, Ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) has established itself as a leading technique to study non-equilibrium physical systems in solid, gas and liquid phases, providing a dynamic picture of atomic motion at femtosecond time-scales.

I will first cover recent work on scientific and technological developments in high-brightness electron beam generation and radiofrequency-based production and manipulation. I will then introduce the UED technique and discuss advancements in spatio-temporal resolution, with emphasis on the work performed at HiRES, the relativistic UED setup at LBNL.

About the Speaker:

Daniele Filippetto is a staff scientist and the Deputy Director for the Berkeley Accelerator Control and Instrumentation program at LBNL.

He received a PhD in Applied Electromagnetism from the University "La Sapienza" of Rome in 2007. His research is focused on the physics and technology of electron beams and their applications, such as ultrafast electron diffraction and Free Electron Lasers.

Between 2007 and 2010 he worked at the National Institute on Nuclear Physics (INFN) on the realization of the first Italian Free Electron Laser.  He joined LBNL in 2010, as a lead scientist working on a new concept of electron injector for the next generation of MHz-class Free Electron Lasers, such as the LCLS-II at SLAC.

Dr. Filippetto is the recipient of the 2014 Early Career Research Program award from the Department of Energy-Basic Energy Sciences, and spent the last few years developing relativistic ultrafast electron diffraction capabilities at LBNL

Nuclear Energy Cost Drivers and Innovations that Matter

KorousShirvan
SPEAKER:
Koroush Shirvan
John Clark Hardwick (1986) Career Development Professor
Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
DATE/TIME:
FRI, 10/01/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
ZOOM
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

Nuclear energy supplies 10% of world’s electricity and its overall installed capacity has been growing in the past 5 years. This talk explores the key cost drivers for nuclear energy and challenges the recent overemphasis on advanced construction techniques and megaproject risk over focusing on nuclear reactor plant equipment optimization and meeting end-application cost targets. Then the presentation will overview the research activities at professor Shirvan’s Center of Nuclear Innovation for Fission Technologies including use of artificial intelligence, advanced reactors R&D and assessing additive manufacturing potential. The talk concludes with list of top three innovation pathways to reduce cost of nuclear: 1. Performance based regulation and radiation protection; 2. Cost effective manufacturing technologies; 3. High performing materials to improve reactor building power density and increase temperature.

About the Speaker:

Koroush Shirvan is the John Clark Hardwick (1986) Career Development Professor in Nuclear Science and Engineering department at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Shirvan previously held a role of principal scientist at MIT with >10 years of experience in developing and designing innovative nuclear fuel, nuclear reactor components and power systems, particularly accident tolerant fuels and small modular reactors. In 2017, he established the center of Nuclear Innovation in Fission Technologies, currently supported by Department of Energy and industry partners including Exelon, Fortum and EPRI. He is an active consultant to the nuclear industry on matters of cost and safety. He is also organizer of several professional nuclear education activities including co-director of the Reactor Technology Course for Utility Executives sponsored by the National Academy for Nuclear Training. He currently supervises 18 graduate students and 3 postdocs.

Development of CD46 targeted theranostics for imaging and treatment of cancer

AT Mt Zion
SPEAKER:
DR. Robert Flavell
Associate Professor
Section Chief, Molecular Imaging and Therapeutics
Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
University of California, San Francisco
DATE/TIME:
FRI, 09/24/2018 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
3105 ETCHEVERRY HALL
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

The development of novel molecular imaging and radionuclide treatments is changing the standard of care in patients with cancer. CD46 is an underexplored therapeutic target which is highly expressed in many cancers, in a lineage independent fashion. We have developed paired imaging and therapeutic agents, 89Zr-DFO-YS5, and 225Ac-DOTA-YS5, which are highly effective for detection and treatment of prostate cancer and multiple myeloma. These agents are highly effective in preclinical models and have strong promise for near-term clinical translation.

About the Speaker:

Robert Flavell, MD, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Section of Molecular Imaging in the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging at the University of California, San Francisco. He received his medical degree from Weill Cornell Medical College, and his PhD from the Rockefeller University as part of the Tri-Institutional MD PhD program. He completed his one-year internship at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York. Dr. Flavell completed a four-year diagnostic radiology residency at the University of California, San Francisco, where he also finished a Nuclear Medicine fellowship. In June 2016. he joined the faculty at UCSF as an Assistant Professor in Residence. Since 2019, he has been the Chief of the Division of Molecular Imaging and Therapeutics (formerly nuclear medicine), in the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging. Dr. Flavell’s laboratory focuses on the development of new molecular imaging and therapeutic tools for better detection and treatment of prostate and other cancers.

Nuclear Engineering Opportunities at Los Alamos National Laboratory

Dr.Sarraos
SPEAKER:
Dr. John Sarrao
Deputy Director
Los Alamos National Laboratory
DATE/TIME:
FRI, 09/03/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
3105 ETCHEVERRY HALL
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

Los Alamos’ partnership with UC Berkeley pre-dates the start of the Manhattan Project and continues robustly today. Nevertheless, the National Labs in general, and Los Alamos in particular, are relatively unknown to many students (and faculty) in academia. This presentation provides an overview of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). By highlighting LANL’s strategic priorities and mission needs, we hope to foster further collaborations and enhance pipeline opportunities between Los Alamos and UC Berkeley, especially for nuclear engineers

About the speaker:John Sarrao is the Deputy Laboratory Director for Science, Technology and Engineering (DDSTE) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. He leads the Laboratory’s mission and enabling science, technology, and engineering capabilities. John stewards LANL’s Laboratory Directed Research & Development (LDRD) program and other institutional capability initiatives, including the Laboratory’s student and post-doc programs. He also serves as LANL’s Chief Research Officer. John is an experimental condensed matter physicist. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the winner of the Department of Energy’s E.O. Lawrence Award and the Los Alamos Fellows Prize for Research, in part for the discovery of the first plutonium superconductor. John has been heavily involved in strategic planning and direction setting for materials research within the Department of Energy’s Office of Science and as a member of the National Academies of Sciences’ most recent decadal survey of materials research. John received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Los Angeles based on thesis work performed at LANL.

 

Cesium by the Ocean: Improving the analysis of environmental samples from the Fukushima Province

RalphSudowe
SPEAKER:

Ralf Sudowe

Professor of Radiochemistry & Health Physics

Colorado State University

DATE/TIME:
FRI, 08/27/2021 - 3:00PM TO 4:00PM
LOCATION:
 zoom
Fall 2021 Colloquium Series
Abstract:

The goal of radioanalytical chemistry is to identify and quantify radioisotopes present in a variety of samples. It combines advanced radiochemical separations with state-of-the art radiation detection techniques and provides information on the origin, speciation, and mobility of the material. It plays an important role in evaluating its impact on humans and the environment. The analysis of air, water, soil, and bioassay samples builds the foundation of operational environmental monitoring. However, the need for improved sample analysis methods became also apparent in the aftermath of the reactor accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. The elevated salinity of sea and ocean water results in a complex matrix that hinders the isolation, characterization, and determination of the radioisotopes of interest. This presentation will discuss recent research aimed at developing analytical techniques for such challenging types of samples and give examples of their application.

About the Speaker:

Ralf Sudowe is Professor of Radiochemistry & Health Physics in the Department of Environmental & Radiological Health Sciences at Colorado State University. His research focuses on the development and optimization of advanced radiochemical separations for environmental monitoring, emergency response, nuclear forensics, nuclear safeguards, and isotope production. Dr. Sudowe received a M.S. in Chemistry and a Ph.D. in Nuclear Chemistry from the Philipps-University Marburg in Germany. He spent two years as Visiting Postdoctoral Fellow in the Nuclear Science Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and worked several years as a staff scientist in the Nuclear Science and Chemical Sciences Division at LBNL. From 2006 to 2016, Dr. Sudowe was a faculty member in the Department of Health Physics & Diagnostic Sciences at University of Nevada Las Vegas, where he held positions as Assistant & Associate Professor.